8 Ekim 2009 Perşembe

comparison-as as kıyaslama mukayese

 Directions: Using the given information and the words in parentheses, complete the comparisons using AS . . .AS. Use NOT with the verb as necessary.
1. Dogs make more noise than cats do. (be noisy)
-> Cats aren't as noisy as dogs.
2. Both Anne and her sister Amanda are lazy, (be lazy)
Anne is as lazy as her sister Amanda.
3. Adults have more strength than children, (be strong)
—» Children adults.
4. Tom and Jerry are the same height, (be tall)
—> Tom Jerry.
5. It's more comfortable to live at home than in a dormitory, (be comfortable)
—> Living in a dormitory living at horn.
6. Both the bride and the groom were nervous before the wedding, (be nervous)
—> The bride the groom.
7. A basketball is bigger than a soccer ball, (be big)
-> A soccer ball a basketball.
8. The air in a big city is more polluted than the air in the countryside, (be fresh and clean)
-> The air in a big city the air in the countryside.
9. My sister wants to be a famous and successful businesswoman. I don't have any plans for my future, (be ambitious)
—» I my sister.
10. Some school subjects interest me, and others don't, (be interesting)
—> Some school subjects others.
1. aren't as noisy as
2. is as lazy as
3. aren't as strong as
4. is as tall as
5. isn't as comfortable as
6. was as nervous as
7. isn't as big as
8. isn't as fresh and clean as
9. am not as ambitious as
10. are more interesting than
 Directions: Complete the sentences with one of the following:
just as
almost as/not quite as
not nearly as
PART I: Compare the boxes.

1. Box Bis almost as I not quite as big as Box A.
2. Box E is big as Box A.
3. Box C is big as Box B.
4. Box E is big as Box D.
PARTII: Meeting time: 9:00 A.M. Compare the arrival times.
Arrival times:
David 9:01A.M.
Julia 9:14 A.M.
Laura 9:15 A.M.
Paul 9:15 A.M.
James 9:25 A.M.
5. Paul was late as Laura.
6. David was late as James.
7. Julia was late as Laura and Paul.
8. Julia was late as Paul.

PART III: Compare world temperatures today.
Bangkok 92°F/33°C
Cairo 85°F/30°C
Madrid 90°F/32°C
Moscow 68°F/20°C
Tokyo 85°F/30°C
9. Tokyo is hot as Cairo.
10. Moscow is hot as Bangkok.
11. Madrid is hot as Bangkok.
PART IV: Compare world temperatures yesterday and today.
Yesterday Today
Bangkok 95°F/35°C 92°F/33°C
Cairo 95°F/35°C 85°F/30°C
Madrid 90°F/32°C 90°F/32°C
Moscow 70°F/21°C 68°F/20°C
Tokyo 81°F/27°C 85°F/30°C
12. Cairo was hot as Bangkok yesterday.
13. It's warm in Moscow today as yesterday.
14. Madrid is hot today as yesterday.
15. It was hot in Tokyo yesterday as in Bangkok
16. It's hot in Bangkok today as yesterday.
Part I:
1. almost as/not quite as
2. not nearly as
3. just as
4. almost as/not quite as
Part II:
5. just as
6. not nearly as
7. almost as/not quite as
8. almost as/not quite as
Part III:
9. just as
10. not nearly as
11. almost as/not quite as
Part IV:
12. just as
13. almost as/not quite as
14. just as
15. not nearly as
16. almost as/not quite as
 Directions: Complete the sentences with your own words.
Example: . . . not as sharp as ....
—> A pencil point isn't as sharp as a needle.
—> A kitchen knife isn't as sharp as a razor blade.
—> My mind isn't as sharp in the afternoon as it is in the morning.
1. ... just as important as ....
2. ... not as comfortable as ....
3. ... not nearly as interesting as ....
4. ... just as good as ....
5. ... not quite as difficult as ....
6. ... not as quiet as ....
7. ... almost as good as ....
8. ... not as friendly as ....
9. ... not as heavy as ....
10. ………..just as soft as ………...
 Directions: Choose the best sentence completion from the given list.
A. as bad as she said it was • E. as much as possible
B. as easy as it looks F. as often as I can
C. as fast as I could G. as often as I used to
D. as good as they looked H. as soon as possible
1. I have a lot of homework. I will finish E before I go to bed.
2. I'm sorry I'm late. I drove .
3. I saw some chocolates at the candy store. They looked delicious, so I bought some. They tasted just _________ .
4. When I was in college, I went to at least two movies every week. Now I'm very busy with my
job and family, so I don't go to movies .
5. It took Julie years of lessons to be able to play the piano well. She makes it look easy, but we all
know that playing a musical instrument isn't .
6. I need to finish working on this report, so go ahead and start the meeting without me. I'll be there___________.
7. Even though I'm very busy, I'm usually just sitting at my desk all day. I need more exercise, so
I try to walk to and from work .
8. My friend told me the movie was terrible, but I went anyway. My friend was right. The movie was just ____________
. l.E 5. B
2. C 6. H
3. D 7. F
4. G 8. A
 Directions: Give the COMPARATIVE and SUPERLATIVE forms of the words below.
1. strong stronger than the strongest of all
2. important more important than the most important of all
3. soft than the of all
4. lazy than the of all
5. wonderful than the of all
6. calm than the of all
7. tame than the of all
8. dim than the of all
9. convenient than the of all

10. clever than the of all
11. good than the of all
12. bad than the of all
13. far than the of all
14. slow than the of all
15. slowly than the of all
1. stronger, strongest
2. more important, most important
3. softer, softest
4. lazier, laziest
5. more wonderful, most wonderful
6. calmer, calmest
7. tamer, tamest
8. dimmer, dimmest
9. more convenient, most convenient

10. cleverer, cleverest OR more clever, most clever
11. better, best
12. worse, worst
13. farther/further, farthest/furthest
14. slower, slowest
15. more slowly, most slowly
 Directions: As a class or in smaller groups, divide into two teams. Each team will try to score points by (1) giving the meaning of an adjective and (2) giving its comparative and superlative forms. (3) Bonus points will be awarded for every correct sentence the team creates using the comparative or superlative of the given adjective.
Each team has thirty seconds or a minute (or any other agreed upon length of time) for each word. (Someone in the class needs to be the timekeeper.) The teams should prepare for the contest by discussing the words in the list, looking them up in the dictionary if necessary, and making up possible sentences.
(1) one point for the correct meaning of the given adjective
(2) one point for the correct comparative and superlative forms of that adjective
(3) one point for each clear sentence with the correct comparative or superlative form
Example: dependable
LEADER: What does "dependable" mean?
TEAM: "Dependable" means "responsible, reliable, trustworthy." For example, it describes
people who do their jobs well every day.
LEADER: Yes. That's one point. Now, comparative and superlative forms?
TEAM: More dependable than, the most dependable of all.
LEADER: Correct. That's one point. Sentences?
TEAM: Adults are more dependable than children.
LEADER: Good. One point.
TEAM: Vegetables are more dependable than fruit.
LEADER: What? That doesn't make any sense. No point.
TEAM: My parents always support me. They are the most dependable people I know.
LEADER: Great sentence! One point.—Time is up. Your total points as a team: Four.
List of adjectives:
1. wonderful 8. heavy 15. bright
2. high 9. dangerous 16. comfortable
3. easy 10. humid 17. polite
4. convenient 11. confusing 18. soft
5. calm 12. clever 19. sour
6. dim 13. fresh 20. sensitive
7. wild 14. friendly
 Directions: Complete the sentences with the correct COMPARATIVE form (MORE/-ER) of the given adjectives.
bad cold funny pretty
careful confusing generous soft
clean expensive lazy thin
1. I like to sit on pillows. They are a lot Softer than a hardwood seat.
2. The average temperature in Moscow is than the average temperature in Hong Kong.
3. This gold ring costs much more than that silver one. Can you tell me why gold is
than silver?
4. Bobby! How did you get all covered with mud? Hurry and take a bath. Even the floor is
than you are.
5. Fresh flowers not only smell good, but they're a lot than artificial flowers.
6. Sandy, when you drive to the airport today, you have to be than
you were the last time you went. You almost had an accident because you weren't paying attention to your driving.
7. I heard a little polite laughter when I told my jokes, but everyone laughed loudly when Janet was
telling hers. Her jokes are always much than mine.
8. I have trouble understanding Professor Larson. Her lectures are much
than Professor Sato's.
9. Your father seems to give you plenty of money for living expenses. He is
than mine.

10. My handwriting isn't very good, but my wife's handwriting is practically illegible. Her
handwriting is much than mine.
11. Cardboard has thickness, but paper doesn't. Paper is than cardboard.
12. I don't like to work hard, but my sister does. I'm a lot than my sister.
1. softer 7. funnier
2. colder 8. more confusing
3. more expensive 9. more generous
4. cleaner 10. worse
5. prettier 11. thinner
6. more careful 12. lazier
Directions: Complete the sentences with the correct COMPARATIVE form (MORE/-ER) of the given adjectives and adverbs.
comfortable expensive softly
dangerous friendly • sweet
dark slowly wet
1. Lemons aren't sweeter than oranges. Lemons are sour.
2. Refrigerators cost a lot. They are much than microwave ovens.
3. Children seem to be able to appear out of nowhere. When I'm near a school, I always drive
than I have to.
4. In my experience, old shoes are usually a lot than new shoes.
5. People in villages seem to be than people in large cities. They
seem to enjoy talking to strangers.
6. Babies don't like loud noises. Most people speak than usual when
they're talking to a baby.
7. Many more people die in car accidents than in plane accidents. Statistics show that driving
your own car is than flying in an airplane.
8. A: Why does wet sand look than dry sand?
B: Because wet sand reflects less light.
9. If a cat and a duck are out in the rain, the cat will get much than
the duck. The water will simply roll off of the duck's feathers but will soak into the cat's fur.

 Directions: Choose the correct answer or answers. Both answers may be correct.
1. Ron and his friend went jogging. Ron ran two miles, but his friend got tired after one mile.
Ron ran A, B than his friend did.
A. farther B. further
2. If you have any B questions, don't hesitate to ask.
A. farther B. further
3. The planet Earth is from the sun than the planet Mercury is.
A. farther B. further
4. I like my new apartment, but it is away from school than my old apartment is.
A. farther B. further
5. Thank you for your help, but I'll be fine now. I don't want to cause you any trouble.
A. farther B. further
6. I have no need of this equipment. I'm going to sell it.
A. farther B. further
7. Paris is north than Tokyo.
A. farther B. further
8. A: Mr. President, will you describe your new plans for the economy?
B: I have no comment. This press conference is over.
A. farther B. further
9. I'm tired. I walked than I should have.
A. farther B. further
10. I gave my old typewriter to my younger sister because I had no use for it.
A. farther B. further
1. A, B 6. B
2. B 7. A, B
3. A, B 8. B
4. A, B 9. A, B
5. B 10. B

 Directions: Choose any appropriate adjective from the list (or any adjective of your own choosing) to make comparisons of the given items. Use the COMPARATIVE form (MORE/-ER).
bright fast relaxing thick
easy flexible shallow thin
enjoyable heavy short wide and deep
1. traveling by air/traveling by bus
—> Traveling by air is faster than traveling by bus.
Traveling by air is easier than traveling by bus. (Etc.)
2. a pool/a lake
3. an elephant's neck/a giraffe's neck
4. sunlight/moonlight
5. iron/wood
6. walking/running
7. river/stream
8. rubber/wood
9. nothing/sitting in a garden on a quiet summer day
10. a butterfly's wing/a blade of grass
 Directions: Complete the comparisons with a PRONOUN and an appropriate AUXILIARY VERB.
1. Bob arrived at ten. I arrived at eleven.
—> Bob arrived earlier than I did
2. Linda is a good painter. Steven is better.
—» He is a better painter than she is
3. Alex knows a lot of people. I don't know many people at all.
—» He knows a lot more people than .
4. I won the race. Patty came in second.
-» I ran faster than .
5. My parents were nervous about my motorcycle ride. I was just a little nervous.
—> They were a lot more nervous than .
6. My aunt will stay with us for two weeks. My uncle has to return home to his job after a couple
of days.
—» She will be here with us a lot longer than .
7. Ms. Ross speaks clearly. Mr. Mudd mumbles.
—» She speaks a lot more clearly than .
8. I've been here for two years. Sam has been here for two months.
—> I've been here a lot longer than .
9. I had a good time at the picnic yesterday. Mary didn't enjoy it.
—> I had a lot more fun at the picnic than .
10. I can reach the top shelf of the bookcase. Tim can only reach the shelf next to the top.
—> I can reach higher than .
1. I did 6. he will
2. she is 7. he does
3. I do 8. he has
4. she did 9. she did
5. I was 10. he can
 Directions: The following are unclear comparisons. Discuss the possible meanings.
1. UNCLEAR: Ann likes her dog better than her husband.
—> Ann likes her dog better than her husband does.
(Meaning: Ann likes her dog better than her husband likes her dog.)
—> Ann likes her dog better than she does her husband.
(Meaning: Ann likes her dog better than she likes her husband.)
2. UNCLEAR: I know John better than Mary.
3. UNCLEAR: Sam likes football better than his wife.
4. UNCLEAR: Frank helps me more than Debra.
5. UNCLEAR: I pay my plumber more than my dentist.
 Directions: Circle the correct answer or answers. More than one answer may be correct.
1. This watch is not expensive.
(A) very B. a lot C. much D. far
2. That watch is more expensive than this one.
A. very (B) a lot (C) much (D) far
3. My nephew is polite.
A. very B. a lot C. much D. far
4. My nephew is more polite than my niece.
A. very B. a lot C. much D. far
5. Simon is taller than George.
A. very B. a lot C. much D. far
6. Simon is tall.
A. very B. a lot C. much D. far
7. I think astronomy is more interesting than geology.
A. very B. a lot C. much D. far
8. I think astronomy is interesting.
A. very B. a lot C. much D. far
1.A 5. B, C, D
2. B, C,D 6. A
3. A 7. B, C, D
4. B, C, D 8. A
 Directions: Circle the correct answer or answers.
1. My nephew is ambitious my niece.
(A) less . . . than (B) not as ... as
2. My nephew is old my niece.
A. less . . . than (B) not as ... as
3. A bee is big a bird.
A. less . . . than B. not as ... as
4. Money is important good health.
A. less . . . than B. not as ... as
5. The last exercise was difficult this one.
A. less . . . than B. not as ... as
6. My brother is interested in planning for the future I am.
A. less . . . than B. not as ... as
7. I am good at repairing things Diane is.
A. less . . . than B. not as ... as
8. Some students are serious about their schoolwork others.
A. less . . . than B. not as ... as

Answer: 1 A, B 5. A, B
2. B 6. A, B
3. B 7. B
4. A, B 8. A, B
 Directions: Answer the questions. Begin your answer with "Yes, I've never . . . ." Use COMPARATIVES (MORE/-ER) in your answer.
Example: Your friend told a story at the party last night. Was it funny? —> Yes, I've never heard a funnier story. *
1. You took a test yesterday. Was it difficult?
2. You read a book that you liked very much. Was it a good book?
3. Someone said something bad to you. Were you angry?
4. I hope you liked staying in our guest room. Were you comfortable?
5. You've been carrying things and moving furniture all day. Are you tired?
6. Congratulations on the birth of your daughter. Are you happy?
7. You have known many people in your lifetime, but one person is special. Is this person kind?
Is this person considerate? Is this person generous? wise? compassionate?
8. You have had many good experiences in your lifetime, but you remember one in particular.
Was it an interesting experience? Was it a good experience? exciting? memorable?
*The understood completion of the comparison is: I've never heard a funnier story in my lifetime than the story my friend told at the party last night
 Directions: Complete each sentence using the COMPARATIVE + the correct ADJECTIVE or ADVERB. If it is an adjective, circle ADJ. If it is an adverb, circle ADV.
1. slow I like to drive fast, but my brother William doesn't. As a rule, he drives
slowly more slowly than I do. ADJ (ADV)
2. slow Alex is a slower driver than I am. (ADJ) ADV
3. serious Some workers are about their jobs than
others, ADJ ADV
4. serious Some workers approach their jobs than
others, ADJ ADV
5. polite Why is it that my children behave
at other people's houses than at home? ADJ ADV
6. polite Why are they at Mrs. Miranda's
house than at home? ADJ ADV
7. careful I'm a cautious person when I express my opinions, but my sister will say anything to
anyone. I'm much when I speak to others than
my sister is. ADJ ADV
8. careful I always speak in public than my sister
does. ADJ ADV
9. clear I can't understand Mark's father very well when he talks, but I
can understand Mark. He speaks much than
his father. ADJ ADV
10. clear Mark is a much speaker than his
father, ADJ ADV
1. more slowly - ADV 6. more polite - ADJ
2. slower - ADJ 7. more careful - ADJ
3. more serious - ADJ 8. more carefully - ADV
4. more seriously - ADV 9. more clearly - ADV
5. more politely - ADV 10. clearer – ADJ
 Directions: Choose from the given words to complete the sentences with the COMPARATIVE (MORE/-ER). If the word you use in the comparative is an adjective, circle ADJ. If it is an adverb, circle ADV. If it is a noun, circle NOUN.
books friends • newspapers
carefully homework pleasant
easily loud snow
1. My husband always wants to know everything that is going on in the world. He reads many
more newspapers than I do. ADJ ADV (NOUN)
2. University students study hard. They have a lot than high
school students. ADJ ADV NOUN
3. There is far in winter in Alaska than there is in Texas.
4. I'm lonely. I wish I had to go places with and spend time
5. A warm, sunny day is than a cold, windy day.
6. Don picks up languages with little difficulty. For me, learning a second language is slow and
difficult. I guess some people just learn languages a lot than
others. ADJ ADV NOUN
7. The New York City Public Library has many than the
public library in Portland, Oregon, ADJ ADV NOUN
8. I have been driving since my accident, ADJ ADV NOUN
9. Karen doesn't need a microphone when she speaks to the audience. She's the only person I
know whose voice is than mine, ADJ ADV NOUN

1. more newspapers - NOUN
2. more homework - NOUN
3. more snow - NOUN
4. more friends - NOUN
5. more pleasant - ADJ
6. more easily - ADV
7. more books - NOUN
8. more carefully - ADJ
9. louder - ADJ
 Directions: Compare the following. Use AS ... AS, LESS, and MORE/-ER. HOW many points of comparison can you think of?
Example: the sun and the moon
—> The sun is larger than the moon. The sun is hotter than the moon.
The sun is more important to life on earth than the moon is. The sun is much brighter than the moon. The moon is closer to the earth than the sun is. The moon is less important than the sun. The moon isn't as far away as the sun.
1. two stores in this city 5. two classes
2. two seasons 6. two restaurants in this city
3. two kinds of music 7. iron and aluminum (American English)/aluminium (British English)
4. fingers and toes 8. a cloudy day and a sunny day
 Directions: Complete the sentences by REPEATING A COMPARATIVE. Use the words in the list.
angry •fast hard
big good weak
cold wet
1. When I get excited, my heart beats faster and faster .
2. I was really mad! I got and until my sister
touched my arm and told me to calm down.
3. When you blow up a balloon, it gets and .

4. As we continued traveling north, the weather got and
. Eventually, everything we saw was frozen.
5. My English is improving. It is getting and
every day.
6. As I continued walking in miserable weather, it rained and
. I got and . By the time
I got home, I was completely soaked.
7. As I continued to row the boat, my arms got and
until I had almost no strength left in them at all.

1. faster and faster
2. angrier and angrier
[also possible: more and more angry]
3. bigger and bigger
4. colder and colder
5. better and better
6. harder and harder . . . wetter and wetter
7. weaker and weaker
 Directions: Complete the sentences with DOUBLE COMPARATIVES (THE MORE/-ER . . . THE MORE/-ER).
1. If the fruit is fresh, it tastes good.
-» The fresher the fruit is, the better it tattes
2. We got close to the fire. We felt warm.
—> we got to the fire, we felt.
3. If a knife is sharp, it is easy to cut something with.
-» a knife (is), it is to cut something.
4. The party got noisy next door. I got angry.
-» I had a terrible time getting to sleep last night. My neighbors were having a loud party.
it got, I got. Finally, I banged
on the wall and told them to be quiet.
5. Bill talked very fast. I became confused.
—> Bill was trying to explain some complicated physics problems to me to help me prepare for
an exam. He kept talking faster and faster. he talked,
I became.
1. The fresher . . . the better
2. The closer . . . the warmer
3. The sharper . . . the easier
4. The noisier . . . the angrier
5. The faster . . . the more confused
 Directions: Complete the sentences in COLUMN A with the ideas in COLUMN B. Use the SUPERLATIVE of the adjective in parentheses. If you don't know the right answer, guess.
Example: Kangaroos are the most familiar Australian grassland animals.
1. Kangaroos ... A. (large) eyes of all four-legged land animals
2. Giraffes ... B. (large) ears of all animals
3. Apes and monkeys ... C. (long) necks of all animals
4. Bottle-nosed dolphins ... • D. (familiar) Australian grassland animals
5. African elephants ... E. (intelligent) animals that live in water
6. Horses ... F. (intelligent) animals that live on land (besides human beings)
1. (D) Kangaroos are the most familiar Australian grassland animals.
2. (C) Giraffes have the longest necks of all animals.
3. (F) Apes and monkeys are the most intelligent animals that live on land (besides human beings).
4. (E) Bottle-nosed dolphins are the most intelligent animals that live in water.
5. (B) African elephants have the largest ears of all animals.
6. (A) Horses have the largest eyes of all four-legged land animals.
 Directions: Use the given phrases to complete the sentences with SUPERLATIVES.
big bird long river in South America
clean air popular forms of entertainment
• deep ocean three common street names
high mountains on earth two great natural dangers
large living animal
1. The Pacific is the deepest ocean in the world
2. There is almost no air pollution at the South Pole. The South Pole has
in the world.
3. are in the Himalayan Range in Asia.
4. Most birds are small, but not the flightless North African ostrich. It is
in the world.
5. to ships are fog and icebergs.
6. One of throughout the world is the motion picture.
7. in the United States are Park, Washington, and Maple.
8. in South America is the Amazon.
9. The blue whale is huge. It is in the world.
1. the deepest ocean
2. the cleanest air
3. The highest mountains on earth
4. the biggest bird
5. The two greatest natural dangers
6. the most popular forms of entertainment
7. The three most common street names
8. The longest river in South America
9. the largest living animal
 Directions: Complete the sentences with SUPERLATIVES and the appropriate PREPOSITION, IN or OF.
1. Jack is lazy. He is the laziest student in the class.
2. Mike and Julie were nervous, but Amanda was the most nervous of all.
3. Costa Rico is beautiful. It is one of countries
the world.
4. Scott got a bad score on the test. It was one of scores
the whole school.
5. Pluto is far from the sun. In fact, it is planet from the
sun our solar system.
6. There are a lot of good cooks in my family, but my mom is
cook all.
7. Alaska is big. It is state the United States.
8. My grandfather is very old. He is person the town where he lives.
9. That chair in the corner is comfortable. It is chair
the room.
10. Everyone who ran in the race was exhausted, but I was all.
1. the laziest... in
2. the most nervous of
3. the most beautiful ... in
4. the worst... in
5. the farthest/furthest... in
6. the best... of
7. the biggest... in
8. the oldest... in
9. the most comfortable ... in
10. 10. the most exhausted of
 Directions: Complete the sentences with an appropriate SUPERLATIVE and the PRESENT PERFECT of the words in parentheses.
1. I have had many good experiences. Of those, my trip to Honduras was one of the best
experiences I (have, ever) have ever had .
2. I know many responsible people. Maria is one of the most responsible people I (know, ever) have ever known
3. I've had many nice times, but my birthday party was one of times
I (have, ever) .
4. I've taken many difficult courses, but statistics is course I
(take, ever) .
5. I've tasted a lot of good coffee, but this is coffee I (have, ever)
6. I've made a lot of bad mistakes in my life, but I'm afraid lending my cousin a lot of money was
mistake I (make, ever) .
7. There are many beautiful buildings in the world, but the Taj Mahal is one of
buildings I (see, ever) .
8. A: How do you think you did on the exam this morning?
B: I think I did pretty well. It was an easy test. In fact, it was one of
exams I (take, ever) .
1. the best. . . have ever had
2. the most responsible . . . have ever known
3. the nicest . . . have ever had
4. the most difficult. . . have ever taken
5. the best. . . have ever tasted
6. the worst. . . have ever made
7. the most beautiful . . . have ever seen
8. the easiest . . . have ever taken
 Directions: Create sentences with ONE OF plus a SUPERLATIVE and your own words. Use the following patterns:
Example: There are many good students in this class. Who is one of the best?
—> PATTERN A: One of the best students in this class is (Nazir). OR
-» PATTERN B: (Nazir) is one of the best students in this class.
Example: You have known many interesting people. Who is one of the most interesting you've known?
—> PATTERN A: One of the most interesting people I've ever known is (Ms. Lee). OR
—» PATTERN B: (MS. Lee) is one of the most interesting people I've ever known.
1. There are many beautiful countries in the world. What is one of them?
2. There are many famous people in the world. Who is one of them?
3. There are many long rivers in the world. What is one of them?
4. You've seen some good movies. What is one of the best movies you've seen recently?
5. Have you seen any bad movies? What is one of them?
6. You've visited some interesting cities. What is one of them?
7. You know some wonderful people. Who is one of them?
8. Have you ever taken any difficult classes? What is one of them?
9. You have had many good experiences. What is one of the best experiences you've ever had?

10. There are a lot of interesting animals in the world. What is one of them?
11. What is one of the strangest things you've ever seen?
12. There are many important people in your life among your family, friends, teachers, co-workers,
and others. Who is one of these people?
13. Who is one of the most important people in world politics or the history of your country?
14. Think of some happy days in your life. What was one of them?
15. Talk about one of the best trips you've taken, the funniest things you've seen, the most exciting
things you've done, the easiest jobs you've had, the coldest places you've been, the best times
you've had, the most decent people you've known.
 Directions: Complete with BETTER, THE BEST, WORSE, or THE WORST.
1. I just finished a terrible book. It's the Worst book I've ever read.
2. The weather was bad yesterday, but it's terrible today. The weather is
Worse today than it was yesterday.
3. This cake is really good. It's cake I've ever eaten.
4. My grades this term are great. They're much than last term.
5. Being separated from my family in time of war is one of experiences I can imagine.
6. I broke my nose in a football game yesterday. Today it's very painful. For some reason, the
pain is today than it was yesterday.
7. The fire spread and burned down an entire city block. It was fire we've ever had in our town.
8. I think my cold is almost over. I feel a lot than I did yesterday. I can finally breathe again.
1. the worst
2. worse
3. the best
4. better
5. the worst
6. worse
7. the worst
8. better
 Directions: Ask and answer questions with COMPARATIVES and SUPERLATIVES,
STUDENT A: Ask a question that uses either a comparative or a superlative.
STUDENT B: Answer the question. Use complete sentences.
Example: what. . . sweet
STUDENT A: What is sweeter than sugar?
STUDENT B: Nothing is sweeter than sugar.
Example: what. . . dangerous
STUDENT A: What is more dangerous than riding a motorcycle without a helmet?
STUDENT B: Climbing a mountain without a safety rope is more dangerous than riding a motorcycle without a helmet.
Example: who is ... wonderful
STUDENT A: Who is the most wonderful person you've ever known?
STUDENT B: That's a hard question. Probably my mother is the most wonderful person I've ever known.
1. what is ... important 7. which car is ... expensive
2. who is ... famous 8. what country is ... near
3. what is ... good 9. what is ... dangerous
4. what is ... bad 10. who is ... old
5. whose hair is ... long 11. what is ... beautiful
6. what is ... interesting 12. who is ... kind
 Directions: Complete comparisons for the following three parts.
PARTI: Compare the cost of the listed items. Use the given expressions.
a telephone a pencil a pair of socks a motorcycle
1. is less expensive than
A telephone is less expensive than a motorcycle.
A pencil is less expensive than a pair of socks. Etc.
2. is much more expensive than
3. is not as expensive as
4. are more expensive than
5. are both less expensive than
6. is not nearly as expensive as
7. are all more expensive than
PART II: Compare the waterfalls by using the given expressions.
8. much higher
9. almost as high

10. highest
11. not nearly as high
12. not quite as high
PART III: Compare the weight of the listed items. Use the given expressions.
water iron wood air
13. heavier
14. lighter
15. heaviest
16. not as heavy
17. lightest
18. not nearly as light
19. both heavier
 Directions: Complete the sentences. Use any appropriate form of the words in parentheses and add any other necessary words. There may be more than one possible completion.
1. Lead is a very heavy metal. It is (heavy) heavier than gold or silver. It is
one of (heavy) the heaviest metals of all
2. Dogs are usually (friendly) cats.
3. One of (famous) volcanoes the world is
Mount Etna in Sicily.
4. A car has two (wheels) a bicycle.
5. Mrs. Cook didn't ask the children to clean up the kitchen. It was (easy)
for her to do it herself to nag them to do it.
6. Duck eggs and chicken eggs are different. Duck eggs are (large)
chicken eggs. Also, the yolk of a duck egg is (dark) yellow
the yolk of a chicken egg.
7. One of (safe) places to be during a lightning storm is inside a car.
8. Small birds have a much (fast) heartbeat large birds.
9. Are your feet exactly the same size? Almost everyone's left foot is (big) their right foot.*
10. The volcanic explosion of Krakatoa near Java in 1883 may have been (loud)
noise recorded history. It was heard 2,760 miles (4,441 kilometers) away.
11. In terms of area, (large) state the United States is Alaska.
but it has one of (small) populations all the states.
12. Nothing is (important) good health. Certainly gaining wealth is
much (important) enjoying good health.
13. I need more facts. I can't make my decision until I get (information) .
14. Rebecca is a wonderful person. I don't think I've ever met a (kind)
and (generous) person.
15. You can trust her. You will never meet a (honest) person she is.
16. I'm leaving! This is (bad) movie I've ever seen! I won't sit through another second of it.
17. (important) piece of equipment for birdwatching is a pair of binoculars.

18. Although both jobs are important, being a teacher requires (education)
being a bus driver.
19. The Great Wall of China is the (long) structure that has ever been built.
20. Howard Anderson is one of (delightful) people I've ever met.
21. (hard) I tried, (impossible) it seemed to solve the math problem.
22. Perhaps (common) topic of everyday conversation the world is the weather.
23. No animals can travel (fast) birds. Birds are (fast)
animals all.
24. Most birds have small eyes, but not ostriches. Indeed, the eye of an ostrich is (large)
its brain.
25. (great) variety of birds a single area can be found in
the rain forests of Southeast Asia and India.
26. I feel (safe) in a plane I do in a car.
27. Jakarta is (large) city Indonesia.

* Grammar note: In formal English, a singular pronoun is used to refer to everyone:
Almost everyone's left foot is bigger than his or her right foot. In everyday informal usage, a plural pronoun is frequently used: Almost everyone's left foot is bigger than their right foot.
1. heavier than . . . the heaviest ... of
2. friendlier than
3. the most famous ... in
4. more wheels than
5. easier . . . than
6. larger than . . . darker . . . than
7. the safest
8. faster . . . than
9. bigger than

10. the loudest... in
11. the largest... in ... the smallest ... of
12. more important than . . . less important than
13. more information
14. kinder . . . more generous
15. more honest. . . than
16. the worst
17. The most important
18. more education than
19. the longest
20. the most delightful
21. The harder . . . the more impossible
22. the most common/commonest... in
23. faster than ... the fastest... of
24. larger than
25. The greatest ... in
26. safer . . . than
27. the largest... in
 Directions: Complete the sentences. Use any appropriate form of the words in parentheses and add any other necessary words.
1. Sometimes I feel like all of my friends are (intelligent) more intelligent than I am , and
yet sometimes they tell me that they think I am (smart) the smartest person in the class.
2. One of (popular) holidays Japan is New Year's.
3. A mouse is (small) a rat.
4. Europe is first in agricultural production of potatoes, (potatoes)
are grown in Europe on any other continent.
5. Mercury is (close) planet to the sun. It moves around the sun (fast)
any other plant in the solar system.
6. Human beings must compete with other species for the food of the land. The (great)
competitors we have for food are insects.
7. When the temperature stays below freezing for a long period of time, the Eiffel Tower becomes
six inches (fifteen centimeters) (short) .
8. Have you every been bothered by a fly buzzing around you? (easy)
way all to get a fly out of a room is to darken the room and turn on a light somewhere else.
9. Mountain climbing takes (strength) walking on a level path.
10. Cheese usually tastes (good) at room temperature it does
just after you take it out of the refrigerator.
11. World Cup Soccer is (big) sporting event the world. It
is viewed on TV by (people) any other event in sports.
12. The wall of a soap bubble is very, very thin. A human hair is approximately ten thousand times
(thick) _ the wall of a soap bubble.

13. English has approximately 600,000 words. Because of the explosion of scientific discoveries
and new technologies, there are (words) in English in any other language.
14. You'd better buy the tickets for the show soon, (long) you wait,
(difficult) it will be to get good seats.
15. I've seen a lot of funny movies over the years, but the one I saw last night is (funny)
16. Riding a bicycle can be dangerous, (people) were killed in
bicycle accidents last year have been killed in airplane accidents in the last four years.
17. Young people have (high) rate of automobile accidents all drivers.
18. Some people build their own boats from parts that they order from a manufacturer. They save
money that way. It is (expensive) to build your own boat
to buy a boat.
19. It's easy to drown a houseplant. (houseplants) die from too much water
not enough water.
20. Mr. Hochingnauong feels (comfortable) speaking his native
language he does speaking English.
21. My friend has studied many languages. He thinks Japanese is (difficult)
all the languages he has studied.
22. One of the (bad) nuclear accidents the world occurred at Chernobyl in 1986.
23. I think learning a second language is (hard) studying chemistry or mathematics.
24. The (low) temperature ever recorded in Alaska was minus 80°F (-27° C)in 1971.
25. Computers are complicated machines, but one of (complex)
things the universe is the human brain.
 Directions: Complete the sentences with AS, TO, FROM, or 0 if no word is necessary.
1. Geese are similar to ducks. They are both large water birds.
2. But geese are not the same as ducks. Geese are usually larger and have longer necks.
3. Geese are different from ducks.
4. Geese are like 0 ducks in some ways, but geese and ducks are not exactly alike 0
5. An orange is similar a grapefruit. They are both citrus fruits.
6. But an orange is not the same a grapefruit. A grapefruit is usually larger and sourer.
7. An orange is different a grapefruit.
8. An orange is like a grapefruit in some ways, but they are not exactly alike
9. Gold is similar silver. They are both valuable metals that people use for jewelry.
But they aren't the same . Gold is not the same color silver. Gold
is also different silver in cost. Gold is more expensive than silver.
10. Look at the two zebras. Their names are Zee and Bee. Zee looks like Bee. Is
Zee exactly the same Bee? The pattern of the stripes on each zebra in the work:
is unique. No two zebras are exactly alike . Even though Zee and Bee are sirnikr
each other, they are different each other in the exact pattern of
their stripes.
1. to 8. 0 ... 0
2. as 9. to ... 0 ... as ... from
3. from 10. 0 ... as ... 0 ... to ... from
4. 0 ... 0
5. to
6. as
7. from
 Directions: Circle the correct completions.
1. My coat is (different ) the same from yours.
2. Our apartment is like, similar to my cousin's.
3. The news report on channel four was similar, the same as the report we heard on
channel six last night.
4. My sister and I look like, alike and talk like, alike, but our personalities
are quite different, similar to.
5. Does James act like, alike his brother?
6. My dictionary is different, similar from yours.
7. A: I'm sorry, but I believe you have my umbrella.
B: Oh? Yes, I see. It looks almost exactly like, alike mine, doesn't it?
8. A: How do you like the spaghetti I made for you? Is it similar, the same to yours?
B: It's a little similar, like mine, but not exactly like, alike.
9. A: Your jacket is exactly the same as, like mine.
B: Isn't that amazing? I bought mine in New York, and you bought yours in Tokyo, and yet
they're exactly the same, like. 10. A: Some people think that we look like, alike. What do you think?
B: Well, the color of your hair is similar, the same to mine, and your eyes are almost
a similar, the same color as mine. I guess there's a resemblance.
1. different
2. similar
3. the same
4. alike . . . alike . . . different
5. like
6. different
7. like
8. A: similar B: like . . . alike
9. A: as B: the same
10. A: alike B: similar . . . the same

 Directions: Compare the figures. Complete the sentences using THE SAME, SIMILAR, DIFFERENT, LIKE, and ALIKE.

1. All of the figures are similar to each other.
2. Figure A is Figure B.
3. Figure A and Figure B are .
4. A and C are .
5. A and Care D.
6. Cis A.
7. B isn't D.
 Directions: Compare the figures.

 Directions: Compare the pictures. How many differences can you find?

 Directions: Ask three (or more) classmates four (or more) questions.
First decide what you want to ask your classmates. Below are some suggestions.
Next fill out the chart with the topics of the questions.
Then write in the names of the classmates you talk to and ask them the questions.
After you have all of your information, compare the answers using SAME, DIFFERENT, SIMILAR,

Possible comparisons:
I'm comparing three people: Hamid, Hiroki, and Maria.
• All three have the same eye color.
• Hiroki and Maria like the same sport, baseball. Hamid's favorite sport is different from theirs. He likes soccer.
• Maria has been at this school longer than Hamid and Hiroki.
• Their educational goals are similar. All of them want to get university degrees.
• Maria has the largest family. Hiroki's immediate family is the smallest.
Suggestions for questions to ask your classmates:
1. How long have you been at this school?
2. What color are your eyes?
3. What is your favorite kind of music?
4. What is your favorite sport?
5. What do you usually wear to class?
6. What are your educational goals?
7. How many people are there in your immediate family?*
8. How big is your hometown?
9. What kind of books do you like to read?

10. What kind of movies do you prefer?
11. What country would you most like to visit?
12. What is your favorite food?
13. When did you last visit home?
14. What kind of vacation do you prefer?
15. How tall are you?
*Immediate family = mother, father, and children (not including cousins, aunts, uncles, grandparents, etc.).

Use this chart to record your information. Write in the topics of your questions, the names of the people you interview, and then their answers.

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